"An execution is not simply death. It is just as different from the privation of life as a concentration camp is from prison. It adds to death a rule, a public premeditation known to the future victim, an organization which is itself a source of moral sufferings more terrible than death. Capital punishment is the most premeditated of murders, to which no criminal's deed, however calculated can be compared. For there to be an equivalency, the death penalty would have to punish a criminal who had warned his victim of the date at which he would inflict a horrible death on him and who, from that moment onward, had confined him at his mercy for months. Such a monster is not encountered in private life." Albert Camus---"Reflections on the Guillotine, Resistance, Rebellion & Death" (1956). also, see: http:///en/news/68097 **************************** Plea Against the Death Penalty Look, examine, reflect. You hold capital punishment up as an example. Why? Because of what it teaches. And just what is it that you wish to teach by means of this example? That thou shalt not kill. And how do you teach that "thou shalt not kill"? By killing. I have examined the death penalty under each of its 2 aspects: as a direct action, and as an indirect one. What does it come down to? Nothing but something horrible and useless, nothing but a way of shedding blood that is called a crime when an individual commits it, but is (sadly) called "justice" when society brings it about. Make no mistake, you lawmakers and judges, in the eyes of God as in those of conscience, what is a crime when individuals do it is no less an offense when society commits the deed. Victor Hugo, Speech at the Constituent Assembly, September 15, 1848 This webpage was last updated on September 30, 2017
In 1994 a resolution for a moratorium was presented for the first time at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by the Italian government. It lost by eight votes. Since 1997, through Italy’s initiative, and since 1999 through the EU’s endeavour, the United Nations Commission of Human Rights (UNCHR) has been approving a resolution calling for a moratorium on executions with a view to completely abolishing the death penalty, every year. The 2007 vote at the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly saw intense diplomatic activity in favour of the moratorium by EU countries, and by the Nonviolent Radical Party itself; the Catholic Community of Sant'Egidio joined forces by submitting to the . an appeal and 5,000,000 signatures asking for the moratorium to be passed. [ citation needed ] .
This portion of the site offers an interactive exploration of eight stages in a capital case. The stages are: pre-trial, guilt phase trial, penalty phase trial, direct appeal, state post-conviction review, federal habeas corpus, clemency, and finally execution. Each of these stages is further divided into subsections that go into the details of each phase of the process. This section may be of particular use to those wishing to explore the judicial system and its functions in Civics or . government classes. This section requires the Flash 3 plugin, which is included in Netscape 4 or higher and Internet Explorer 4 or higher. Earlier versions of both browsers may need to download the plugin from Macromedia at: http:///downloads .